Konza LTER Publications

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Collins SL, Knapp AK, Hartnett DC, Briggs JM. The dynamic tallgrass prairie: Synthesis and research opportunities. In: Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Hartnett DC, Collins SL Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:301 -315.
Collins SL, Knapp AK, Hartnett DC, Briggs JM. The dynamic tallgrass prairie: Synthesis and research opportunities. In: Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Hartnett DC, Collins SL Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:301 -315.
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Hamerlynck EP, Knapp AK. Early season cuticular conductance and gas exchange in two oaks near the western edge of their range. Trees. 1996;10:403 -409. doi:10.1007/BF02185644.
Knapp AK. Early season production and microclimate associated with topography in a C4 dominated grassland. Oecologia Plant. 1985;6:337 -346.
Knapp AK, McCarron JK, Silletti AM, et al. Ecological consequences of the replacement of native grassland by Juniperus virginiana and other woody plants. In: Van Auken OW Ecological Studies Vol. 196, Western North American Juniperus communities: A dynamic vegetation type. Ecological Studies Vol. 196, Western North American Juniperus communities: A dynamic vegetation type. Springer-Verlag, NY; 2008:156 -169. doi:10.1007/978-0-387-34003-6_8.
Travers SE, Smith MD, Bai J, et al. Ecological genomics: making the leap from model systems in the lab to native populations in the field. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 2007;5:19 -24. doi:10.1890/1540-9295(2007)5[19:EGMTLF]2.0.CO;2.
Nippert JB, Fay PA, Carlisle JD, Knapp AK, Smith MD. Ecophysiological responses of two dominant grasses to altered temperature and precipitation regimes. Acta Oecologia. 2009;35:400 -408. doi:10.1016/j.actao.2009.01.010.
Knapp AK. Ecophysiology of Zigadenus nuttallii , a toxic spring ephemeral in a warm season grassland: effect of defoliation and fire. Oecologia. 1986;71:69 -74. doi:10.1007/BF00377323.
Briggs JM, Knapp AK, Blair JM, et al. An ecosystem in transition: causes and consequences of the conversion of mesic grassland to shrubland. BioScience. 2005;55:243 -254. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2005)055[0243:AEITCA]2.0.CO;2.
Owensby CE, Ham JM, Knapp AK, Rice CW, Coyne PI, Auen LM. Ecosystem level responses of tallgrass prairie to elevated CO2. In: Koch GW, Mooney HA Carbon Dioxide and Terrestrial Ecosystems. Carbon Dioxide and Terrestrial Ecosystems. London: Academic Press; 1996:147 -162.
Blair JM, Collins SL, Knapp AK. Ecosystems as functional units in nature. Natural Resources and Environment. 2000;14:150 -155.
Knapp AK, Cocke M, Hamerlynck EP, Owensby CE. Effect of elevated C02 on stomatal density and distribution in a C4 grass and a C3 forb under field conditions. Annals of Botany. 1994;74:595 -599. doi:10.1006/anbo.1994.1159.
Knapp AK. Effect of fire and drought on the ecophysiology of Andropogon gerardii and Panicum virgatum in a tallgrass prairie. Ecology. 1985;66:1309 -1320. doi:10.2307/1939184.
Knapp AK. Effect of fire in tallgrass prairie on seed production of Vernonia baldwinii Torr. (Compositae). The Southwestern Naturalist. 1984;29:242 -243.
Johnson SR, Knapp AK. The effect of fire on gas exchange and aboveground production in Spartina pectinata wetlands. Wetlands. 1993;13:299 -303. doi:10.1007/BF03161296.
Su H, Knapp AK, Briggs JM. Effects of topography and fire on spatial and temporal distribution of soil moisture in a tallgrass prairie. In: Time Domain Reflectometry in Environmental, Infrastructure and Mining Applications. Time Domain Reflectometry in Environmental, Infrastructure and Mining Applications. United States Department of Interior Bureau of Mines; 1994:154 -162.
Knapp AK, Fahnestock JT, Owensby CE. Elevated CO2 alters dynamic stomatal responses to sunlight in a C4 grass. Plant Cell and Environment. 1994;17:189 -195. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3040.1994.tb00282.x.
Knapp AK, Bargman N, Maragni LA, et al. Elevated CO2 and leaf longevity in the C4 grassland dominant Andropogon gerardii. International Journal of Plant Sciences. 1999;160:1057 -1061. doi:10.1086/314202.
Hamerlynck EP, Knapp AK. Environmental and physiological factors influencing the distribution of oaks near the edge of their range. Hartnett DC. 1995:17 -20. Available at: http://images.library.wisc.edu/EcoNatRes/EFacs/NAPC/NAPC14/reference/econatres.napc14.ehamerlynck.pdf.
Briggs JM, Knapp AK. Estimating aboveground biomass in tallgrass prairie with the harvest method: determining proper sample size using jackknifing and Monte Carlo simulations. The Southwestern Naturalist. 1991;36:1 -6. doi:10.2307/3672110.
Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Childers DL, Sala OE. Estimating aboveground net primary production in grassland and herbaceous dominated ecosystems. In: Principles and Standards for Measuring Net Primary Production. Principles and Standards for Measuring Net Primary Production. Oxford University Press, NY; 2007:27 -48.
Knapp AK, Abrams MD, Hulbert LC. An evaluation of beta attenuation for estimating aboveground biomass in a tallgrass prairie. Journal of Range Management. 1985;38:556 -558. doi:10.2307/3899752.
Knapp AK, Yavitt JB. Evaluation of the closed-chamber method for estimating methane emissions from aquatic plants. Tellus. 1992;44B:63 -71. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0889.1992.00006.x.
Smith MD, Knapp AK. Exotic plant species in a C4-dominated grassland: Invasibility, disturbance and community structure. Oecologia. 1999;120:605 -612. doi:10.1007/s004420050896.
Briggs JM, Knapp AK, Brock BL. Expansion of woody plants in tallgrass prairie: a 15 year study of fire and fire-grazing interactions. The American Midland Naturalist. 2002;147:287 -294. doi:10.1674/0003-0031(2002)147[0287:EOWPIT]2.0.CO;2.
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Melzer SE, Knapp AK, Fynn RWS, et al. Fire and grazing impacts on silica production and storage in grass dominated ecosystems. Biogeochemistry. 2010;97:263 -278. doi:10.1007/s10533-009-9371-3.
Heisler JL, Knapp AK, Briggs JM. Fire and resource availability influence carbon and water relations of the C3 shrub Cornus drummondii in a mesic grassland. Proceedings of the 23rd Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference: Fire in Grassland and Shrubland Ecosystems. 2007:86 -93. Available at: http://talltimbers.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/Heisleretal2007_op.pdf.
Freeman CC. The flora of Konza Prairie: A historical review and contemporary patterns. In: Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Hartnett DC, Collins SL Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:69 -80.
Ham JM, Knapp AK. Fluxes of CO2, water vapor, and energy from a prairie ecosystem during the seasonal transition from carbon sink to carbon source. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 1998;89:1 -14. doi:10.1016/S0168-1923(97)00062-2.
Smith MD, Knapp AK, Collins SL. A framework for assessing ecosystem dynamics in response to chronic resource alterations induced by global change. Ecology. 2009;90:3279 -3289. doi:10.1890/08-1815.1.
Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Koelliker JK. Frequency and extent of water limitation to primary production in a mesic temperate grassland. Ecosystems. 2001;4:19 -28. doi:10.1007/s100210000057.
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Knapp AK, Yavitt JB. Gas exchange characteristics of Typha latifolia L. from nine sites across North America. Aquatic Biology. 1995;49:203 -215. doi:10.1016/0304-3770(94)00433-M.
Knapp AK. Gas exchange dynamics in C3 and C4 grasses: consequences of differences in stomatal conductance. Ecology. 1993;74:113 -123. doi:10.2307/1939506.
Knapp AK, Smith MD, Collins SL, et al. Generality in ecology: testing North American grassland rules in South African savannas. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 2004;9:483 -491. doi:10.1890/1540-9295(2004)002[0483:GIETNA]2.0.CO;2.
Giuliani AL, Kelly EF, Knapp AK. Geographic variation in growth and phenology of two dominant Central US grasses: Consequences for climate change. Journal of Plant Ecology. 2014;7:211 -221. doi:10.1093/jpe/rtt036.
Oviatt CG. Geomorphology of the Konza Prairie. In: Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Hartnett DC, Collins SL Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:35 -47.
Smith MD, La Pierre KJ, Collins SL, et al. Global environmental change and the nature of aboveground net primary productivity responses: insights from long-term experiments. Oecologia. 2015;177(4):935 - 947. doi:10.1007/s00442-015-3230-9.
Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Hartnett DC, Collins SL. Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:364 -364.
Knapp AK, Seastedt TR. Grasslands, Konza Prairie and long-term ecological Research. In: Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Hartnett DC, Collins SL Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:3 -15.
Knapp AK, Seastedt TR. Grasslands, Konza Prairie and long-term ecological Research. In: Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Hartnett DC, Collins SL Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:3 -15.
Danner BT, Knapp AK. Growth dynamics of gallery forest oak seedlings (Quercus macrocarpa Michx. and Quercus muhlenbergii Engelm.) from gallery forests: implications for forest expansion into grasslands. Trees. 2001;15:271 -277. doi:10.1007/s004680100103.
Swemmer AM, Knapp AK, Smith MD. Growth responses of twodominant C4 grass species to altered water availability. InternationalJournal of Plant Sciences. 2006;167:1001 -1010. doi:10.1086/505611.
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Gray LJ, Macpherson GL, Koelliker JK, Dodds WK. Hydrology and aquatic chemistry. In: Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Hartnett DC, Collins SL Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:159 -176.
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Hoover DL, Knapp AK, Smith MD. The immediate and prolonged effects of climate extremes on soil respiration in a mesic grassland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences. 2016;121(4):1034 - 1044. doi:10.1002/2015JG003256.
Foster DR, Swanson F, Aber J, et al. The importance of land-use legacies to ecology and conservation. BioScience. 2003;53:77 -88. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2003)053[0077:TIOLUL]2.0.CO;2.
Fay PA, Hartnett DC, Knapp AK. Increased photosynthesis and water potentials in Silphium integrifolium galled by cynipid wasps. Oecologia. 1993;93:114 -120. doi:10.1007/BF00321200.
Heisler-White JL, Knapp AK, Kelly EF. Increased precipitation event size increases aboveground net primary productivity in a semi-arid grassland. Oecologia. 2008;158:129 -140. doi:10.1007/s00442-008-1116-9.
Harper CW, Blair JM, Fay PA, Knapp AK, Carlisle JD. Increased rainfall variability and reduced rainfall amount decreases soil CO2 flux in a grassland ecosystem. Global Change Biology. 2005;11:322 -344. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2005.00899.x.
Carter GA, Knapp AK, Anderson JE, Hoch GA, Smith MD. Indicators of plant species richness in AVIRIS spectra of a mesic grassland. Remote Sensing of Environment. 2005;98:304 -316. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2005.08.001.
Quist MC, Fay P, Guy CS, Knapp AK, Rubenstein BN. The influence of disturbance from military training activities on terrestrial-aquatic linkages in a tallgrass prairie ecosystem. Ecological Applications. 2003;13:432 -442. doi:10.1899/08-170.1.

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