Konza LTER Publications

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Collins SL, Steinauer EM. Disturbance, diversity and species interactions in tallgrass prairie. In: Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Hartnett DC, Collins SL Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:140 -156.
Kaufman DW, Fay PA, Kaufman GA, Zimmerman JL. Diversity of terrestrial macrofauna. In: Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Hartnett DC, Collins SL Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:101 -112.
Wilcox KR, Blair JM, Smith MD, Knapp AK. Does ecosystem sensitivity to precipitation at the site-level conform to regional-scale predictions?. Ecology. 2016;97:561-568. doi:10.1890/15-1437.1.
Smith MD, Wilcox J, Kelly T, Knapp AK. Dominance not diversity determines invasibility of tallgrass prairie. Oikos. 2004;106:253 -262. doi:10.1111/j.0030-1299.2004.13057.x.
Smith MD, Knapp AK. Dominant species maintain ecosystem function with non-random species loss. Ecology Letters. 2003;6:509 -517. doi:10.1046/j.1461-0248.2003.00454.x.
Collins SL, Knapp AK, Hartnett DC, Briggs JM. The dynamic tallgrass prairie: Synthesis and research opportunities. In: Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Hartnett DC, Collins SL Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:301 -315.
Collins SL, Knapp AK, Hartnett DC, Briggs JM. The dynamic tallgrass prairie: Synthesis and research opportunities. In: Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Hartnett DC, Collins SL Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:301 -315.
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Hamerlynck EP, Knapp AK. Early season cuticular conductance and gas exchange in two oaks near the western edge of their range. Trees. 1996;10:403 -409. doi:10.1007/BF02185644.
Knapp AK. Early season production and microclimate associated with topography in a C4 dominated grassland. Oecologia Plant. 1985;6:337 -346.
Knapp AK, McCarron JK, Silletti AM, et al. Ecological consequences of the replacement of native grassland by Juniperus virginiana and other woody plants. In: Van Auken OW Ecological Studies Vol. 196, Western North American Juniperus communities: A dynamic vegetation type. Ecological Studies Vol. 196, Western North American Juniperus communities: A dynamic vegetation type. Springer-Verlag, NY; 2008:156 -169. doi:10.1007/978-0-387-34003-6_8.
Travers SE, Smith MD, Bai J, et al. Ecological genomics: making the leap from model systems in the lab to native populations in the field. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 2007;5:19 -24. doi:10.1890/1540-9295(2007)5[19:EGMTLF]2.0.CO;2.
Hoover DL. Ecological responses to climate extremes in a mesic grassland. 2013;PhD. Dissertation. Available at: http://hdl.handle.net/10217/82474.
Nippert JB, Fay PA, Carlisle JD, Knapp AK, Smith MD. Ecophysiological responses of two dominant grasses to altered temperature and precipitation regimes. Acta Oecologia. 2009;35:400 -408. doi:10.1016/j.actao.2009.01.010.
Knapp AK. Ecophysiology of Zigadenus nuttallii , a toxic spring ephemeral in a warm season grassland: effect of defoliation and fire. Oecologia. 1986;71:69 -74. doi:10.1007/BF00377323.
Briggs JM, Knapp AK, Blair JM, et al. An ecosystem in transition: causes and consequences of the conversion of mesic grassland to shrubland. BioScience. 2005;55:243 -254. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2005)055[0243:AEITCA]2.0.CO;2.
Owensby CE, Ham JM, Knapp AK, Rice CW, Coyne PI, Auen LM. Ecosystem level responses of tallgrass prairie to elevated CO2. In: Koch GW, Mooney HA Carbon Dioxide and Terrestrial Ecosystems. Carbon Dioxide and Terrestrial Ecosystems. London: Academic Press; 1996:147 -162.
Blair JM, Collins SL, Knapp AK. Ecosystems as functional units in nature. Natural Resources and Environment. 2000;14:150 -155.
Knapp AK, Cocke M, Hamerlynck EP, Owensby CE. Effect of elevated C02 on stomatal density and distribution in a C4 grass and a C3 forb under field conditions. Annals of Botany. 1994;74:595 -599. doi:10.1006/anbo.1994.1159.
Knapp AK. Effect of fire and drought on the ecophysiology of Andropogon gerardii and Panicum virgatum in a tallgrass prairie. Ecology. 1985;66:1309 -1320. doi:10.2307/1939184.
Knapp AK. Effect of fire in tallgrass prairie on seed production of Vernonia baldwinii Torr. (Compositae). The Southwestern Naturalist. 1984;29:242 -243.
Johnson SR, Knapp AK. The effect of fire on gas exchange and aboveground production in Spartina pectinata wetlands. Wetlands. 1993;13:299 -303. doi:10.1007/BF03161296.
Su H, Knapp AK, Briggs JM. Effects of topography and fire on spatial and temporal distribution of soil moisture in a tallgrass prairie. In: Time Domain Reflectometry in Environmental, Infrastructure and Mining Applications. Time Domain Reflectometry in Environmental, Infrastructure and Mining Applications. United States Department of Interior Bureau of Mines; 1994:154 -162.
Knapp AK, Fahnestock JT, Owensby CE. Elevated CO2 alters dynamic stomatal responses to sunlight in a C4 grass. Plant Cell and Environment. 1994;17:189 -195. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3040.1994.tb00282.x.
Knapp AK, Bargman N, Maragni LA, et al. Elevated CO2 and leaf longevity in the C4 grassland dominant Andropogon gerardii. International Journal of Plant Sciences. 1999;160:1057 -1061. doi:10.1086/314202.
Hamerlynck EP, Knapp AK. Environmental and physiological factors influencing the distribution of oaks near the edge of their range. Hartnett DC. 1995:17 -20. Available at: http://images.library.wisc.edu/EcoNatRes/EFacs/NAPC/NAPC14/reference/econatres.napc14.ehamerlynck.pdf.
Briggs JM, Knapp AK. Estimating aboveground biomass in tallgrass prairie with the harvest method: determining proper sample size using jackknifing and Monte Carlo simulations. The Southwestern Naturalist. 1991;36:1 -6. doi:10.2307/3672110.
Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Childers DL, Sala OE. Estimating aboveground net primary production in grassland and herbaceous dominated ecosystems. In: Principles and Standards for Measuring Net Primary Production. Principles and Standards for Measuring Net Primary Production. Oxford University Press, NY; 2007:27 -48.
Knapp AK, Abrams MD, Hulbert LC. An evaluation of beta attenuation for estimating aboveground biomass in a tallgrass prairie. Journal of Range Management. 1985;38:556 -558. doi:10.2307/3899752.
Knapp AK, Yavitt JB. Evaluation of the closed-chamber method for estimating methane emissions from aquatic plants. Tellus. 1992;44B:63 -71. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0889.1992.00006.x.
Smith MD, Knapp AK. Exotic plant species in a C4-dominated grassland: Invasibility, disturbance and community structure. Oecologia. 1999;120:605 -612. doi:10.1007/s004420050896.
Briggs JM, Knapp AK, Brock BL. Expansion of woody plants in tallgrass prairie: a 15 year study of fire and fire-grazing interactions. The American Midland Naturalist. 2002;147:287 -294. doi:10.1674/0003-0031(2002)147[0287:EOWPIT]2.0.CO;2.
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Melzer SE, Knapp AK, Fynn RWS, et al. Fire and grazing impacts on silica production and storage in grass dominated ecosystems. Biogeochemistry. 2010;97:263 -278. doi:10.1007/s10533-009-9371-3.
Heisler JL, Knapp AK, Briggs JM. Fire and resource availability influence carbon and water relations of the C3 shrub Cornus drummondii in a mesic grassland. Proceedings of the 23rd Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference: Fire in Grassland and Shrubland Ecosystems. 2007:86 -93. Available at: http://talltimbers.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/Heisleretal2007_op.pdf.
Freeman CC. The flora of Konza Prairie: A historical review and contemporary patterns. In: Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Hartnett DC, Collins SL Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:69 -80.
Ham JM, Knapp AK. Fluxes of CO2, water vapor, and energy from a prairie ecosystem during the seasonal transition from carbon sink to carbon source. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 1998;89:1 -14. doi:10.1016/S0168-1923(97)00062-2.
Smith MD, Knapp AK, Collins SL. A framework for assessing ecosystem dynamics in response to chronic resource alterations induced by global change. Ecology. 2009;90:3279 -3289. doi:10.1890/08-1815.1.
Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Koelliker JK. Frequency and extent of water limitation to primary production in a mesic temperate grassland. Ecosystems. 2001;4:19 -28. doi:10.1007/s100210000057.
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Knapp AK, Yavitt JB. Gas exchange characteristics of Typha latifolia L. from nine sites across North America. Aquatic Biology. 1995;49:203 -215. doi:10.1016/0304-3770(94)00433-M.
Knapp AK. Gas exchange dynamics in C3 and C4 grasses: consequences of differences in stomatal conductance. Ecology. 1993;74:113 -123. doi:10.2307/1939506.
Knapp AK, Smith MD, Collins SL, et al. Generality in ecology: testing North American grassland rules in South African savannas. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 2004;9:483 -491. doi:10.1890/1540-9295(2004)002[0483:GIETNA]2.0.CO;2.
Giuliani AL, Kelly EF, Knapp AK. Geographic variation in growth and phenology of two dominant Central US grasses: Consequences for climate change. Journal of Plant Ecology. 2014;7:211 -221. doi:10.1093/jpe/rtt036.
Oviatt CG. Geomorphology of the Konza Prairie. In: Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Hartnett DC, Collins SL Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:35 -47.
Komatsu KJ, Avolio ML, Lemoine NP, et al. Global change effects on plant communities are magnified by time and the number of global change factors imposed. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2019;116(36):17867-17873. doi:10.1073/pnas.1819027116.
Smith MD, La Pierre KJ, Collins SL, et al. Global environmental change and the nature of aboveground net primary productivity responses: insights from long-term experiments. Oecologia. 2015;177(4):935 - 947. doi:10.1007/s00442-015-3230-9.
Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Hartnett DC, Collins SL. Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:364 -364.
Knapp AK, Seastedt TR. Grasslands, Konza Prairie and long-term ecological Research. In: Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Hartnett DC, Collins SL Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:3 -15.
Knapp AK, Seastedt TR. Grasslands, Konza Prairie and long-term ecological Research. In: Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Hartnett DC, Collins SL Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:3 -15.
Danner BT, Knapp AK. Growth dynamics of gallery forest oak seedlings (Quercus macrocarpa Michx. and Quercus muhlenbergii Engelm.) from gallery forests: implications for forest expansion into grasslands. Trees. 2001;15:271 -277. doi:10.1007/s004680100103.
Swemmer AM, Knapp AK, Smith MD. Growth responses of twodominant C4 grass species to altered water availability. InternationalJournal of Plant Sciences. 2006;167:1001 -1010. doi:10.1086/505611.
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Slette IJ, Post AK, Awad M, et al. How ecologists define drought, and why we should do better. Global Change Biology. 2019;25(10):3193 - 3200. doi:10.1111/gcb.14747.

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