Konza LTER Publications

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Swemmer AM, Knapp AK, Snyman HA. Intra-seasonal precipitation patterns and aboveground productivity in three perennial grasslands. Journal of Ecology. 2007;95:780 -788. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2745.2007.01237.x.
Nippert JB, Knapp AK, Briggs JM. Intra-annual rainfallvariability and grassland productivity: can the past predictthe future. Plant Ecology. 2006;184:65 -74. doi:10.1007/s11258-005-9052-9.
Briggs JM, Knapp AK. Interannual variability in primary production in tallgrass prairie: climate, soil moisture, topographic position and fire as determinants of aboveground biomass. American Journal of Botany. 1995;82:1024 -1030. Available at:  http://www.jstor.org/stable/2446232.
Collins SL, Carpenter SR, Swinton SM, et al. An integrated conceptual framework for long-term social-ecological research. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 2011;9:351 -357. doi:10.1890/100068.
Lett MS, Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Blair JM. Influence of shrub encroachment on aboveground net primary productivity and carbon and nitrogen pools in a mesic grassland. Canadian Journal of Botany. 2004;82:1363 -1370. doi:10.1139/b04-088.
Knapp AK, Fahnestock JT. Influence of plant size on the carbon and water relations of Cucurbita foetidissima HBK. Functional Ecology. 1990;4:789 -797. doi: 10.2307/2389445.
Johnson SR, Knapp AK. The influence of fire on Spartina pectinata wetland communities in a northeastern Kansas tallgrass prairie. Canadian Journal of Botany. 1995;73:84 -90. doi:10.1139/b95-011.
Quist MC, Fay P, Guy CS, Knapp AK, Rubenstein BN. The influence of disturbance from military training activities on terrestrial-aquatic linkages in a tallgrass prairie ecosystem. Ecological Applications. 2003;13:432 -442. doi:10.1899/08-170.1.
Carter GA, Knapp AK, Anderson JE, Hoch GA, Smith MD. Indicators of plant species richness in AVIRIS spectra of a mesic grassland. Remote Sensing of Environment. 2005;98:304 -316. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2005.08.001.
Harper CW, Blair JM, Fay PA, Knapp AK, Carlisle JD. Increased rainfall variability and reduced rainfall amount decreases soil CO2 flux in a grassland ecosystem. Global Change Biology. 2005;11:322 -344. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2005.00899.x.
Heisler-White JL, Knapp AK, Kelly EF. Increased precipitation event size increases aboveground net primary productivity in a semi-arid grassland. Oecologia. 2008;158:129 -140. doi:10.1007/s00442-008-1116-9.
Fay PA, Hartnett DC, Knapp AK. Increased photosynthesis and water potentials in Silphium integrifolium galled by cynipid wasps. Oecologia. 1993;93:114 -120. doi:10.1007/BF00321200.
Foster DR, Swanson F, Aber J, et al. The importance of land-use legacies to ecology and conservation. BioScience. 2003;53:77 -88. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2003)053[0077:TIOLUL]2.0.CO;2.
Hoover DL, Knapp AK, Smith MD. The immediate and prolonged effects of climate extremes on soil respiration in a mesic grassland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences. 2016;121(4):1034 - 1044. doi:10.1002/2015JG003256.
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Gray LJ, Macpherson GL, Koelliker JK, Dodds WK. Hydrology and aquatic chemistry. In: Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Hartnett DC, Collins SL Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:159 -176.
Slette IJ, Post AK, Awad M, et al. How ecologists define drought, and why we should do better. Global Change Biology. 2019;25(10):3193 - 3200. doi:10.1111/gcb.14747.
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Swemmer AM, Knapp AK, Smith MD. Growth responses of twodominant C4 grass species to altered water availability. InternationalJournal of Plant Sciences. 2006;167:1001 -1010. doi:10.1086/505611.
Danner BT, Knapp AK. Growth dynamics of gallery forest oak seedlings (Quercus macrocarpa Michx. and Quercus muhlenbergii Engelm.) from gallery forests: implications for forest expansion into grasslands. Trees. 2001;15:271 -277. doi:10.1007/s004680100103.
Knapp AK, Seastedt TR. Grasslands, Konza Prairie and long-term ecological Research. In: Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Hartnett DC, Collins SL Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:3 -15.
Knapp AK, Seastedt TR. Grasslands, Konza Prairie and long-term ecological Research. In: Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Hartnett DC, Collins SL Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:3 -15.
Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Hartnett DC, Collins SL. Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:364 -364.
Smith MD, La Pierre KJ, Collins SL, et al. Global environmental change and the nature of aboveground net primary productivity responses: insights from long-term experiments. Oecologia. 2015;177(4):935 - 947. doi:10.1007/s00442-015-3230-9.
Komatsu KJ, Avolio ML, Lemoine NP, et al. Global change effects on plant communities are magnified by time and the number of global change factors imposed. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2019;116(36):17867-17873. doi:10.1073/pnas.1819027116.
Oviatt CG. Geomorphology of the Konza Prairie. In: Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Hartnett DC, Collins SL Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:35 -47.
Giuliani AL, Kelly EF, Knapp AK. Geographic variation in growth and phenology of two dominant Central US grasses: Consequences for climate change. Journal of Plant Ecology. 2014;7:211 -221. doi:10.1093/jpe/rtt036.
Knapp AK, Smith MD, Collins SL, et al. Generality in ecology: testing North American grassland rules in South African savannas. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 2004;9:483 -491. doi:10.1890/1540-9295(2004)002[0483:GIETNA]2.0.CO;2.
Knapp AK. Gas exchange dynamics in C3 and C4 grasses: consequences of differences in stomatal conductance. Ecology. 1993;74:113 -123. doi:10.2307/1939506.
Knapp AK, Yavitt JB. Gas exchange characteristics of Typha latifolia L. from nine sites across North America. Aquatic Biology. 1995;49:203 -215. doi:10.1016/0304-3770(94)00433-M.
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Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Koelliker JK. Frequency and extent of water limitation to primary production in a mesic temperate grassland. Ecosystems. 2001;4:19 -28. doi:10.1007/s100210000057.
Smith MD, Knapp AK, Collins SL. A framework for assessing ecosystem dynamics in response to chronic resource alterations induced by global change. Ecology. 2009;90:3279 -3289. doi:10.1890/08-1815.1.
Ham JM, Knapp AK. Fluxes of CO2, water vapor, and energy from a prairie ecosystem during the seasonal transition from carbon sink to carbon source. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 1998;89:1 -14. doi:10.1016/S0168-1923(97)00062-2.
Freeman CC. The flora of Konza Prairie: A historical review and contemporary patterns. In: Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Hartnett DC, Collins SL Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. Grassland Dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:69 -80.
Heisler JL, Knapp AK, Briggs JM. Fire and resource availability influence carbon and water relations of the C3 shrub Cornus drummondii in a mesic grassland. Proceedings of the 23rd Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference: Fire in Grassland and Shrubland Ecosystems. 2007:86 -93. Available at: http://talltimbers.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/Heisleretal2007_op.pdf.
Melzer SE, Knapp AK, Fynn RWS, et al. Fire and grazing impacts on silica production and storage in grass dominated ecosystems. Biogeochemistry. 2010;97:263 -278. doi:10.1007/s10533-009-9371-3.
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Briggs JM, Knapp AK, Brock BL. Expansion of woody plants in tallgrass prairie: a 15 year study of fire and fire-grazing interactions. The American Midland Naturalist. 2002;147:287 -294. doi:10.1674/0003-0031(2002)147[0287:EOWPIT]2.0.CO;2.
Smith MD, Knapp AK. Exotic plant species in a C4-dominated grassland: Invasibility, disturbance and community structure. Oecologia. 1999;120:605 -612. doi:10.1007/s004420050896.
Knapp AK, Yavitt JB. Evaluation of the closed-chamber method for estimating methane emissions from aquatic plants. Tellus. 1992;44B:63 -71. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0889.1992.00006.x.
Knapp AK, Abrams MD, Hulbert LC. An evaluation of beta attenuation for estimating aboveground biomass in a tallgrass prairie. Journal of Range Management. 1985;38:556 -558. doi:10.2307/3899752.
Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Childers DL, Sala OE. Estimating aboveground net primary production in grassland and herbaceous dominated ecosystems. In: Principles and Standards for Measuring Net Primary Production. Principles and Standards for Measuring Net Primary Production. Oxford University Press, NY; 2007:27 -48.
Briggs JM, Knapp AK. Estimating aboveground biomass in tallgrass prairie with the harvest method: determining proper sample size using jackknifing and Monte Carlo simulations. The Southwestern Naturalist. 1991;36:1 -6. doi:10.2307/3672110.
Hamerlynck EP, Knapp AK. Environmental and physiological factors influencing the distribution of oaks near the edge of their range. Hartnett DC. 1995:17 -20. Available at: http://images.library.wisc.edu/EcoNatRes/EFacs/NAPC/NAPC14/reference/econatres.napc14.ehamerlynck.pdf.
Knapp AK, Bargman N, Maragni LA, et al. Elevated CO2 and leaf longevity in the C4 grassland dominant Andropogon gerardii. International Journal of Plant Sciences. 1999;160:1057 -1061. doi:10.1086/314202.
Knapp AK, Fahnestock JT, Owensby CE. Elevated CO2 alters dynamic stomatal responses to sunlight in a C4 grass. Plant Cell and Environment. 1994;17:189 -195. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3040.1994.tb00282.x.
Su H, Knapp AK, Briggs JM. Effects of topography and fire on spatial and temporal distribution of soil moisture in a tallgrass prairie. In: Time Domain Reflectometry in Environmental, Infrastructure and Mining Applications. Time Domain Reflectometry in Environmental, Infrastructure and Mining Applications. United States Department of Interior Bureau of Mines; 1994:154 -162.
Johnson SR, Knapp AK. The effect of fire on gas exchange and aboveground production in Spartina pectinata wetlands. Wetlands. 1993;13:299 -303. doi:10.1007/BF03161296.
Knapp AK. Effect of fire in tallgrass prairie on seed production of Vernonia baldwinii Torr. (Compositae). The Southwestern Naturalist. 1984;29:242 -243.
Knapp AK. Effect of fire and drought on the ecophysiology of Andropogon gerardii and Panicum virgatum in a tallgrass prairie. Ecology. 1985;66:1309 -1320. doi:10.2307/1939184.
Knapp AK, Cocke M, Hamerlynck EP, Owensby CE. Effect of elevated C02 on stomatal density and distribution in a C4 grass and a C3 forb under field conditions. Annals of Botany. 1994;74:595 -599. doi:10.1006/anbo.1994.1159.
Blair JM, Collins SL, Knapp AK. Ecosystems as functional units in nature. Natural Resources and Environment. 2000;14:150 -155.
Owensby CE, Ham JM, Knapp AK, Rice CW, Coyne PI, Auen LM. Ecosystem level responses of tallgrass prairie to elevated CO2. In: Koch GW, Mooney HA Carbon Dioxide and Terrestrial Ecosystems. Carbon Dioxide and Terrestrial Ecosystems. London: Academic Press; 1996:147 -162.

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