KBN01 Konza bird nests

Summary

Short name: 

KBN01

Abstract: 

This data set is a compilation of data collected by multiple researchers describing nests of 48 bird species from across Konza Prairie. Compiled and edited into consistent format by Emma B. Smith, and included in her Master’s thesis. The goal of this dataset is to compile as much data on bird nests at Konza as possible. This data set includes data from other KNZ datasets CBN01 and PBG05, as well as data contributed by Page Klug, Jim Rivers, John Zimmerman, Bill Jensen, Brett Sandercock, Alice Boyle, Bram Verheijen, Bridget Sousa, Aaron Pearse, Karl Kosciuch, and Scott Hatch. These nests were found by rope dragging, opportunistically during other activities, within nest boxes, and/or via behavioral observations. We described nest contents, and some were monitored via repeated visits. Some data are freely available, and other data are restricted access, at the discretion of each individual contributor.
Methods:  These nests were found by rope dragging, opportunistically during other activities, within nest boxes, and/or via behavioral observations. We described nest contents, and some were monitored via repeated visits. This dataset contains data collected by numerous researchers throughout the history of the site, so the individual methods vary. Some data are freely available, and other data are restricted access, at the discretion of each individual contributor.

Published on EDI/LTER Data Portal

Citation Suggestion: 

Smith, E. B., Boyle, A. . 2021. KBN01 Konza bird nests . Environmental Data Initiative. http://dx.doi.org/10.6073/pasta/b014f1ad7059d50b27e82dc07a50c313.

Data set ID: 

154

EML revision ID: 

3

Data sources: 

Variables: 

NestAutoID
  • Label:
  • Definition: Unique identification
  • Type: Physical quantity
  • Unit: dimensionless
  • Maximum: Not specified
  • Minimum: Not specified
  • Precision: Not specified
  • Missing values: None specified
DataOwner
  • Label:
  • Definition: Name of the person providing the data
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
NestID
  • Label:
  • Definition: Unique name for nest with the pattern watershed-observer-number
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
Species
  • Label:
  • Definition: four-letter species code, obtained from Pyle and DeSantis 2009
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
SingleVisit
  • Label:
  • Definition: TRUE if nest was only visited a single time.
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
NestOrientation
  • Label:
  • Definition: Compass bearing facing out from the nest in the direction of the nest opening. Only applicable for species with directional nests (e.g., dome-shaped ground nests, cavities). E.g., if a nest opening is facing due south, the nest orientation would be 180.
  • Type: Physical quantity
  • Unit: degree
  • Maximum: Not specified
  • Minimum: Not specified
  • Precision: Not specified
  • Missing values:
    • blank = Missing or Not Measured
Watershed
  • Label:
  • Definition: Watershed where nest was found
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
GridCell
  • Label:
  • Definition: For older records, if watershed is not known, list the row and column from grid system.
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
OldWatershed
  • Label:
  • Definition: Konza watershed at the time the nest was found, if not the same as the watershed name in 2020. All watersheds in this column were converted to the current watershed name, and the current watershed is in the “Watershed” column.
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
YearsSinceBurn
  • Label:
  • Definition: The number of years since the watershed the nest was located in was burned. If the watershed was burned in the same year the nest was found, this value will be a zero. All of Konza was assumed to have been burned in the year before Konza’s inception (1970).
  • Type: Physical quantity
  • Unit: dimensionless
  • Maximum: Not specified
  • Minimum: Not specified
  • Precision: Not specified
  • Missing values:
    • blank = Missing or Not Measured
Grazing
  • Label:
  • Definition: Grazing treatment in the watershed the nest was found in, at the time the nest was found. Will be either “N” for bison, “C” for cattle, or “U” for ungrazed.
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
PreviousTract
  • Label:
  • Definition: Tract of land the watershed was located in before it was added to Konza. Can be used to account for differences in management pre-Konza.
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
YearsSinceAdded
  • Label:
  • Definition: Number of years since the watershed the nest was located on was added to
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
YearsSinceGrazed
  • Label:
  • Definition: : Number of years since the watershed the nest was located in was grazed. If the watershed was grazed at the time the nest was found, this value will be a zero. This column does not distinguish between bison or cattle grazing. All of Konza was assumed to have been grazed in the year before Konza’s inception (1970).
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
PositionRegion
  • Label:
  • Definition: UTM region the nest was located in. All of Konza, and therefore all of the nests located on Konza, are in zone 14 S
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
PositionX
  • Label:
  • Definition: Easting, or x position for UTM format
  • Type: Physical quantity
  • Unit: dimensionless
  • Maximum: Not specified
  • Minimum: Not specified
  • Precision: Not specified
  • Missing values:
    • blank = Missing or Not Measured
PositionY
  • Label:
  • Definition: Northing, or y position for UTM format
  • Type: Physical quantity
  • Unit: dimensionless
  • Maximum: Not specified
  • Minimum: Not specified
  • Precision: Not specified
  • Missing values:
    • blank = Missing or Not Measured
Altitude
  • Label:
  • Definition: Altitude in meters
  • Type: Physical quantity
  • Unit: meter
  • Maximum: Not specified
  • Minimum: Not specified
  • Precision: Not specified
  • Missing values:
    • 1 = Missing or Not Measured
Year
  • Label:
  • Definition: Year that the nest was found
  • Type: Physical quantity
  • Unit: Year(YYYY)
  • Maximum: Not specified
  • Minimum: Not specified
  • Precision: Not specified
  • Missing values: None specified
DateFound
  • Label:
  • Definition: Date the nest was found
  • Type: Date/time
  • Date format: YYYY-MM-DD
  • Missing values: None specified
StageFound
  • Label:
  • Definition: Stage of nest when discovered
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
Eggseasured
  • Label:
  • Definition: TRUE if eggs were measured
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
EggLength
  • Label:
  • Definition: Length of egg by calipers, Length is defined as the distance between the widest points of the longer axis of the egg.
  • Type: Physical quantity
  • Unit: millimeter
  • Maximum: Not specified
  • Minimum: Not specified
  • Precision: Not specified
  • Missing values:
    • blank = Missing or Not Measured
EggWidth
  • Label:
  • Definition: Width of egg by calipers, Width is defined as the distance between the widest points of the shorter axis of the egg.
  • Type: Physical quantity
  • Unit: millimeter
  • Maximum: Not specified
  • Minimum: Not specified
  • Precision: Not specified
  • Missing values:
    • blank = Missing or Not Measured
Eggass
  • Label:
  • Definition: mass of the egg, in grams, usually to the hundredth of a gram
  • Type: Physical quantity
  • Unit: gram
  • Maximum: Not specified
  • Minimum: Not specified
  • Precision: Not specified
  • Missing values: None specified
MaxNHostEggs
  • Label:
  • Definition: Highest number of host (i.e., not cowbird) eggs observed in a nest at any point.
  • Type: Physical quantity
  • Unit: dimensionless
  • Maximum: Not specified
  • Minimum: Not specified
  • Precision: Not specified
  • Missing values:
    • blank = Missing or Not Measured
NCowbirdEggs
  • Label:
  • Definition: Highest number of cowbird eggs observed in a nest at any point
  • Type: Physical quantity
  • Unit: dimensionless
  • Maximum: Not specified
  • Minimum: Not specified
  • Precision: Not specified
  • Missing values:
    • blank = Missing or Not Measured
TotalClutchSize
  • Label:
  • Definition: Highest number of eggs (of any species) observed in the nest at any point
  • Type: Physical quantity
  • Unit: dimensionless
  • Maximum: Not specified
  • Minimum: Not specified
  • Precision: Not specified
  • Missing values:
    • 1 = Missing or Not Measured
NestlingsBanded
  • Label:
  • Definition: TRUE if the nestlings were banded
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
NestlingBandDate
  • Label:
  • Definition: date nestlings were banded, if they were
  • Type: Date/time
  • Date format: YYYY-MM-DD
  • Missing values:
    • blank = Missing or Not Measured
Nestlingseasureents
  • Label:
  • Definition: TRUE if the nestlings were measured
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
NHostNG
  • Label:
  • Definition: Highest number of host (i.e., not cowbird) nestlings observed in a nest at any point
  • Type: Physical quantity
  • Unit: dimensionless
  • Maximum: Not specified
  • Minimum: Not specified
  • Precision: Not specified
  • Missing values: None specified
NCowbirdNG
  • Label:
  • Definition: Highest number of cowbird nestlings observed in the nest at any point
  • Type: Physical quantity
  • Unit: dimensionless
  • Maximum: Not specified
  • Minimum: Not specified
  • Precision: Not specified
  • Missing values:
    • blank = Missing or Not Measured
NHostFledge
  • Label:
  • Definition: Number of host young that fledged
  • Type: Physical quantity
  • Unit: dimensionless
  • Maximum: Not specified
  • Minimum: Not specified
  • Precision: Not specified
  • Missing values: None specified
NCowbirdsFledge
  • Label:
  • Definition: Number of cowbird young that fledged
  • Type: Physical quantity
  • Unit: dimensionless
  • Maximum: Not specified
  • Minimum: Not specified
  • Precision: Not specified
  • Missing values:
    • blank = Missing or Not Measured
DateHatch
  • Label:
  • Definition: Date of first egg hatched
  • Type: Date/time
  • Date format: YYYY-MM-DD
  • Missing values:
    • blank = Missing or Not Measured
HatchDayInferred
  • Label:
  • Definition: TRUE if hatch day is inferred
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
Date1stEgg
  • Label:
  • Definition: Date of first egg layed
  • Type: Date/time
  • Date format: YYYY-MM-DD
  • Missing values: None specified
1stEggDayInferred
  • Label:
  • Definition: TRUE if egg data estimated
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
1stEggDateUncertainty
  • Label:
  • Definition: If 1st egg date was inferred, this is the number of days of uncertainty, if exact stage change dates were not known.
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
DateFledgeFail
  • Label:
  • Definition: Date of last nest check
  • Type: Date/time
  • Date format: YYYY-MM-DD
  • Missing values:
    • blank = Missing or Not Measured
InferredFateField
  • Label:
  • Definition: Fate of nest deduced in field
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
InferredFateLab
  • Label:
  • Definition: Fate of nest deduced after reviewing iButton data in the lab
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
NestFateDescription
  • Label:
  • Definition: Description of nest fate. Include how fate was inferred, if applicable
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
PartialEggLoss
  • Label:
  • Definition: TRUE if some eggs disappear without reason and without complete nest failure
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
DateCheckBeforeEggLoss
  • Label:
  • Definition: Date checked before partial egg loss, i.e., last date that all eggs were present. If nest experienced partial egg loss multiple times, this should be for the first instance
  • Type: Date/time
  • Date format: YYYY-MM-DD
  • Missing values: None specified
DateCheckAfterEggLoss
  • Label:
  • Definition: Date checked after partial egg loss, i.e., first date that an egg was missing. If nest experienced partial egg loss multiple times, this should be for the first instance
  • Type: Date/time
  • Date format: YYYY-MM-DD
  • Missing values:
    • blank = Missing or Not Measured
PartialBroodLoss
  • Label:
  • Definition: TRUE if some nestlings disappear without reason and without complete nest failure
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
DateCheckBeforeBroodLoss
  • Label:
  • Definition: Date checked before partial brood loss, i.e., last date that all nestlings were present. If nest experienced partial brood loss multiple times, this should be for the first instance.
  • Type: Date/time
  • Date format: YYYY-MM-DD
  • Missing values:
    • blank = Missing or Not Measured
DateCheckAfterBroodLoss
  • Label:
  • Definition: Date checked after partial brood loss, i.e., first date that a nestling was missing. If nest experienced partial brood loss multiple times, this should be for the first instance
  • Type: Date/time
  • Date format: YYYY-MM-DD
  • Missing values:
    • blank = Missing or Not Measured
DateCheckBeforeNestCopletion
  • Label:
  • Definition: Last nest check before nest completion (fledge or fail), i.e., the last date that the nest was not empty
  • Type: Date/time
  • Date format: YYYY-MM-DD
  • Missing values:
    • blank = Missing or Not Measured
DateCheckAfterNestCopletion
  • Label:
  • Definition: Last nest check after nest completion (fledge or fail), i.e., the first date that the nest was empty.
  • Type: Date/time
  • Date format: YYYY-MM-DD
  • Missing values:
    • blank = Missing or Not Measured
PredatorType
  • Label:
  • Definition: Predator species, if known (i.e. from video or observation).
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
OtherNotes
  • Label:
  • Definition: Any additional pertinent information recorded
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
Experientalanip
  • Label:
  • Definition: TRUE if nest was under any sort of experimental manipulation. If part of an experimental study but in the control group, this should be FALSE. Analysis of nest survival should generally exclude these nests.
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
ExperientalanipDescription
  • Label:
  • Definition: Description of experimental manipulation used in study
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
FreeAccess
  • Label:
  • Definition: TRUE if data can be used freely, or FALSE if permission from data owner required for subsequent data use
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified
AccessRestrictions
  • Label:
  • Definition: Description of restrictions on data use, e.g., free to use after a certain date, not free to use for future studies at all, etc
  • Type: Nominal
  • Missing values: None specified

Categories
Dates

Date Range: 

Monday, January 3, 1972 to Thursday, December 31, 2020

Publication Date: 

Tuesday, October 5, 2021
People

Owner/Creator: 

Contact: 

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