Mycorrhizal-mediated phosphorus transfer between tallgrass prairie plants Sorghastrum nutans and Artemisia ludoviciana

TitleMycorrhizal-mediated phosphorus transfer between tallgrass prairie plants Sorghastrum nutans and Artemisia ludoviciana
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsWilson, GWT, Hartnett, DC, Rice, CW
JournalFunctional Ecology
Volume20
Pagination427 -435
Accession NumberKNZ001046
Abstract

1A glasshouse 32P-labelling study examined arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM)-mediated transfer of phosphorus between individuals of two tallgrass prairie species, an obligately mycotrophic grass (Sorghastrum nutans Vitm.) and a facultatively mycotrophic forb (Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt.).
2Regardless of which species served as donor, 32P was transferred between both intra- and interspecific neighbours via AM mycelia. However, nutrient transfer via AM fungi was not uniform between neighbouring species.
3Conservative estimates indicate that interplant transfer via AM fungi accounted for >50% of the total 32P acquisition by S. nutans, but accounted for only 20% of 32P uptake into A. ludoviciana.
4While this study did not show conclusively that a common mycelial network acted as a conduit for nutrient transfer, it clearly demonstrated that mycorrhizae facilitated transfer.
5The results indicate that differential movement of plant resources via AM mycelium may be a mechanism whereby a dominant, highly mycotrophic grass extends competitive advantage over a less mycotrophic, subdominant forb species in grasslands.

DOI10.1111/j.1365-2435.2006.01134.x