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The 1060 hectacre Kings Creek watershed (STATION NUMBER 06879650) is a U.S. Geological survey hydrologic benchmark. (cf. Cobb, e.D. and J.E. Beisecker. 1971. USGS circular 460-d) flow is measured continuously with a bubble gage. The period of record started in March, 1979. The hydrologic regime is driven by the mid-continent climate characterized by summer thunderstorms and drought. The stream, at the gaging station, is fourth order in gallery forest. The riparian vegetation in the headwaters (1st & 2nd order) is tallgrass, or true, prairie.